Blue Star spring
Yellowstone National Park, established as a national park on March 1, 1872, is located primarily in the U.S. state of Wyoming, though it also extends into Montana and . The park was the first of its kind, and is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful Geyser, one of the most popular features in the park. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is dominant. Indigenous Americans have lived in the Idaho Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years. spans an area of 3,468 square miles (8,980 km2), comprising lakes, canyons, rivers and mountains ranges. Yellowstone lake is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in Yellowstone National Park North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano on the continent. The caldera is considered an active volcano; it has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years. Half of the world's geothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the land area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining, nearly intact ecosystem in the Earth's northern temperate zone. Hundreds of species of mammals, birds, fish and reptiles have been documented, including several that are either endangered or threatened. The vast forests and grasslands also include unique species of plants.